Node.js vs PHP

Comparing Node.js with PHP

If you are associated with the web development niche, you will be well aware of Node.js and PHP. Both programming languages are heavily related to the server-side development of web apps. Additionally, Node.js has the potential to serve both server-side and client-side development.

PHP has been serving developers for over three decades now and is now a major part of the apps and websites that we see on the web. Node.js, on the contrary, is relatively new and is expanding at a remarkably fast pace. The programming language is becoming a popular choice for developers because of the full-stack approach that we discussed above.

When it comes to choosing the right programming language, developers face one big question; which of the two should you pick for the next project you work on – should you go for the robust and fast operations of Node.js, or should you depend on the proven efficiency of PHP to power you forward.

Both PHP and Node.js can be excellent options for the future, but you need to know and compare both in detail so that you can make a conscious decision. In this article, we take a look at the comparison between Node.JS and PHP. Stay with us for more.

What is Node.js?

Node.js is a popular framework today and comes from the JavaScript family of programming languages. However, it will be improper to limit Node.js as either a framework or a programming language. Node.js is not a programming language nor a JavaScript framework. This Language can be considered as more of an environment where Node.Js developers can flexibly use JavaScript to perform their core operations. Node.js is a combination of both Node and JavaScript. If Node.js as a whole was superman, then Node will be cape and Java Script will be the person that is within.

Node.js is an open-source, runtime environment that is single-threaded in nature. The environment can develop fast applications and consists of the extremely robust Google V8 runtime engine. The real-time application development on Node.js is faster than you’d see elsewhere.

Reasons to Use Node.js

A recent survey by Stack Overflow in 2021 found that over 36 percent of professionals used Node.js in some capacity for development in the year 2021. The popularity of Node.js can be attributed to the list of benefits it carries. Some of the reasons to use the environment include:

  • Simple to Learn: Node.js does not require a herculean effort to learn. Developers who are aware of JavaScript will easily be able to use Node for their development purposes.
  • Full Stack JS: Node.js comes with a full-stack approach that helps developers code on both server-side and client-side. The full-stack development approach is ideally the biggest benefit going in favor of Node.js.
  • Non-blocking code: Node.js comes with non-blocking code options. The Node.js environment is event driven and can pause while other requests are working. Node.js also provides non-blocking calls to users.
  • Fast and Scalable: Node.js is also fast and scalable in nature. The processing is robust and aggressive. Additionally, Node.js can scale with your organizational growth. The environment can help facilitate bigger apps as well.

Read:  When to use Node.Js Development

Who Uses Node.js?

A number of popular websites and platforms use Node.js today in one form or the other. Some of these include:

  • Netflix
  • Twitter
  • Spotify
  • LinkedIn
  • eBay
  • Uber
  • PayPal
  • Trello
  • Walmart

Cons of Node.js

Node.js does come with a few disadvantages as well, which include:

  • No Support for Heavy Computation: Node.js hasn’t been able to support heavy computation or multi-threaded programming yet. However, Node.js is perfect for single threaded systems.
  • Unstable API: The API for Node.js changes frequently and is mostly unstable. With the release of new APIs, developers are forced to alter the access code.

What is PHP?

PHP was initially known as Personal Home Pages, which later changed to Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is an open source, object-oriented language that primarily works towards web development. PHP is mainly used for creating dedicated web servers. PHP development can easily be executed through a command line

PHP works on the Zend Engine, which is mostly used in regular web apps. However, Facebook has built multiple different versions of PHP including JPHP, Parrot and HPVM. PHP 7.4 or 8.0 comes with additional performance and is the best version to use.

Reasons to Use PHP

The Stack Overflow survey in 2021 found that almost 22 percent of all developers use PHP today. PHP was recently called a dead programming language, but it has withstood those allegations on the back of the reasons below:

  • Cross-platform support: PHP comes with cross platform support that can be used on systems including macOS, Linus and Windows. PHP frameworks are also compatible with all primary web servers and other cloud platforms.
  • HTML Friendly: PHP is html friendly and makes sure that everyone who is aware of HTML can easily make the shift towards the programming language.
  • Server-Side Language: PHP focuses on the server-side of things, while Node.js focuses on the full-stack. However, if you want specialization on server-side then PHP is your way forward.
  • Web compatibility: PHP is compatible with almost all technologies from the cloud to integration on HTML. Almost all hosting services come with default PHP adoption.

Read: Reasons why PHP perfect choice for Startups

Cons of PHP

PHP does come with a few cons as well, which include:

  • Outdated methodology: Machine learning is becoming popular in the development sphere and PHP cannot work with it due to its outdated methodology.
  • Security Flaws: PHP comes with a few security flaws, which can act as a barrier for new programmers.

Both Node.js and PHP offer one-of-a-kind solutions based on their unique characteristics. You can make a refined decision after going through this comparison of PHP and Node.js.