Golang is an open-source programming language used to create systematic, uncluttered, and secure software. It is one of the newer languages. Google developed it in 2007, and from that point, programmers picked it for software development. It was well-liked due to the following factors:
- Garbage collection
- Structural typing
- Memory safety
- Similarity to C language
This terrific language also offers a host of useful web development frameworks for developing web services and APIs. When it comes to large applications, these frameworks play a pivotal in saving plenty of time that would have been spent on coding an application from scratch. Here is a list of some of the most popular Golang web frameworks for development in 2021.
Martini is more of an ecosystem than a framework. Perhaps that’s why you can easily integrate it with third-party support. Martini is quite flexible – you can extend capabilities and manage several functions with low overhead. Also known for its scalability, here is what it offers:
- Renders to requirements such as exception dealing, routing, and popular techniques for working with middleware.
- Offers variable parameters, regex structure and wildcards.
- Although Martini has a smaller community, the people associated with it are extremely active and have released dozens of plugins.
Beego is commonly used in REST API projects, coupled with the rapid development methodology. You can use it to develop both web apps and Golang-powered backend services. It comes with Golang attributes such as struct embedding and interfaces.
Besides, Beego is a complete model view controller (MVC) framework and loaded with a multitude of libraries. One of its useful components is Bee Tool, which can identify changes in code. There are around 8 different modules in this framework for developers. Another thing that makes it appealing is its compatibility with command-line tools.
The FastHTTP framework offers a lightning fast HTTP server and client API, created as an alternative to Net/HTTP because of its optimization limitations. The FastHTTP framework has been optimized for speed and can easily process 100K qps and 1 million concurrent keep-alive connections over modern hardware. It is optimized for low memory usage and offers convenient connection upgrade support through RequestCtx.Hijack.
FastHTTP is created to write customized client/server implementation from the ground up. You can also extend existing implementations. It exposes extra critical information to the request handler, such as unique request-id, per-request logger, and server and client address.
4. Gin Gonic
If you are looking for reliable performance, you should consider installing the Gin Gonic to address your Golang issues. It will merely take 10 minutes to learn this framework, after which you can execute your application. If you have worked with Martini before, this framework will be quite similar in use.
Gin Gonic is a minimalistic framework .i.e. it comprises libraries and features that are deemed necessary. This makes it ideal for high-performance REST APIs. Moreover, you can incorporate JSON validation.
Gorilla is perhaps the longest running Golang framework. It has a modular framework that is known for its unparalleled flexibility. It is good to use because you can reuse multiple components with a net/HTTP library. Gorilla boasts robust web sockets. That is why you can incorporate similar code to REST endpoints as you do with web sockets without relying on third-party services.
Gocraft is a conservative but powerful framework that offers quick and scalable routing functionality. It adds routing to the net or HTTP package. Gocraft is a custom middleware package that entails casting and reflecting capacities, allowing you to type statically. Furthermore, you can add or write new functionality through the inbuilt middleware. Gocraft is often chosen in scenarios where performance is prioritized.
The echo framework is a high performance, minimalist, and extensible web framework. It consists of an optimized HTTP router that has zero dynamic memory allocation for priority routes smartly. This framework is used to build scalable and robust REST APIs, which are categorized into groups. It automatically TLS certifications and comes with HTTP/2 support, improving the speed and providing a more user-friendly experience. The echo framework comprises plenty of built-in middleware to use and developers can also define their own, which can be configured at a route level, group, or root. It supports data binding for HTTP request payload, including form-data, XML, and JSON. To render data, it entails an API for sending various HTTP responses, including HTML, XML, JSON, attachment, and file. You can render templates via template engine and have custom central HTTP error handling.
When it comes to the leading Golang web frameworks, Revel is one of the top frameworks. It is known for the following:
- It contains an array of pre-configured functionalities and features that help with optimal usage
- It is completely self-sufficient and does not require the use of 3rd party plugins and middleware
- It is the one-stop solution for creating API, regardless of the task at hand
Goji is a super fast and lightweight framework that is composable yet simple and is similar to Net/HTTP.
- It is a minimalistic HTTP request multiplexer
- It can be used to handle billions of requests
- It boasts re-configurable middleware stack and graceful shutdown
Golang is the primary or second language for organizations and sites like Medium, Sendgrid, Dailymotion, Google, and Uber.
The frameworks mentioned above have their own pros and cons. Ultimately, your project requirements, budget, and timeline will help you choose the right Go website framework.
For instance, if you are looking to build an enterprise-grade application, you are better off with Revel.